2009年4月1日 星期三


. 2009年4月1日 星期三

  in jest 詼諧地,in joke 開玩笑地,in spite 惡意地, in fairness 公正地,in revenge 報複, in mercy 寬大,in sorrow 傷心地等。
  His mind was in great confusion. 他腦子里很亂。
  Today everybody is in high spirits and no one is in low ebb. 今天大家都興高采烈,沒有一個情緒低落。
  She and her classmates are in flower ages. 她和她的同學都正值妙齡。
  The compaign was in full swing. 運動正值高潮中。
  例:we accepted the item in principle. 我們在原則上接受了這個條款。
  They are never backward in giving their views. 他們從來不怕發表自己的意見。
  The backward area has achieved self-sufficient in grain. 這個落后的地區在糧食方面已能自給。
  A good teacher must be an example in study. 一個好的教師必須是學習的模范。
  例:All the speeches were taken down in shorthand. 所有報告都用速記記錄下來了。

  The Party has always educated us in the spirit of patriotism and internationalism. 黨一貫以愛國主義和國際主義精神教育我們。

  例如: in all 總計
  in advance 事前
  in the meantime 與此同時
  in place 適當地
  in hopes of(或in the hope of) 懷著.......希望
  in connection with 和……有關
  in contact with 和……聯系
  in addition to 除......以外
  in case of 倘若,萬一
  in conflict with 和......衝突
  in force 有效的,大批
  in depth 徹底地
  in regard to 關于
  in the neighborhood of 大約、鄰近
  in retrospect 回顧,一想起
  in behalf of 代表......利益
  in the least 一點,絲毫
  in alarm 驚慌、擔心
  in the opinion of 據……見解
  in the long run 從長遠說來
  in one's opinion 在……看來
  in word 口頭上
  in a word 總之
  in vain 無益地, 白白地
  in case 如果,萬一,以防
  in detail 詳細地
  in haste 急急忙忙地
  in conclusion 總之
  in spite of 盡管
  in other words... 換句話說
  in return 作為回報
  in the name of 以......名義
  be confident in 對......有信心
  be interested in 對......感興趣
  in doubt 懷疑
  in love 戀愛中
  in debt 負債
  in fun (jest、joke) 玩笑地
  in hesitation 猶豫不決
  in wonder 在驚奇中
  in public (secret) 公開他(秘密地)
  in a good humour 心情(情緒)好

  介詞at和to都可以表示方向; 用at表示方向時,側重于攻擊的目標,往往表示惡意;用to表示方向時,突出運動的位置或動作的對象,側重表示善意。試比較下列各句:
  1. A.She came at me. 她向我撲過來。
  B.She came to me. 她向我走過來。
  2.A.Jake ran at John. 幾 杰克向約翰撲過去。
  B.Jake ran to John. 杰克朝約翰跑去。
  3.A. He rushed at the woman with a sword. 他拿著劍向那婦女撲過去。
  B. He rushed to the woman with a sword. 他帶著劍向那婦女跑過去。
  4.A.He shouted at the old man. 他大聲喝斥那老人。
  B. He shouted to the old man. 他大聲向那老人說
  5.A.I heard her muttering at Xiao Li. 我聽見她在抱怨小李。
  B.I heard her muttering to Xiao Li. 我聽見她在同小李低聲說話。
  6.A. She talked at you just now. 她剛才還說你壞話呢。
  B.She talked to you just now. 她剛才還同你談話呢.
  7.A.She threw a bone at the dog. 她用一塊骨頭砸狗。
  B.She threw a bone to the dog. 她把一塊骨頭扔給狗吃。
  8.A.He presented a pistol at me. 他用手槍對著我。
  B.He presented a pistol to me. 他贈送我一支手槍。

  日子、日期、年月日,星期加上早午晚; 以下皆用on。
  例: on Octorber the first 1949 1949年10月1日
  on February the thirteenth l893 1893年2月13日
  on May the first 5月1日
  on the first 1號
  on the sixteenth 16號
  on the second of January 或 on January the second 1月2日
  on a summer evening 在夏天的一個夜晚
  on Boxing Day 在節禮日(聖誕節次日)
  on New Year's Day 在元旦
  on my birthday 在我的生日
  但 in the Christmas holidays在聖誕節假期; in the eighteenth century 在十八世紀; in ancient times 在古代; in earlier times 在早期; in modern times 在現代,則用in,the present time 現在,at the present day當今則用at。
  on May Day 在"五·一"節
  on winter day 在冬天
  on Decenber 12th 1950 l950年12月12日
  on Sunday 在星期天
  on Monday 在星期一
  on Tuesday morning 星期二早晨
  on Saturday afternoon 星期六下午
  on Friday evening 星期五晚上
  但last night 昨夜;in the evening 在晚上; on time准時,in time及時,等則不同。

  例: on the morning of 18th 18日早晨
  on the evening of 4th 4日晚上
  On the eve of their departure they gave a farewell banquet and their head gave a garewell speech. 他們在臨行前夕舉行了一次告別宴會,他們的團長發表了告別講話。

  例:Did your supervisor like the story over (or on) the radio last night?
  I heard the news over (or on) the radio. 我從收音機里聽到了這一條消息。
  taIk over the radio 由無線電播音
  on TV 從電視里......
  hear something on the wireless 在無線電里聽到
  My brother works on an Army reclamation farm. 我哥哥在一個軍墾農場工作。
  The students are working on a school farm. 學生們正在校辦農場勞動。
  This is a farmer's house on a farm. 這是農場的農舍。
  Who is on duty, tody? 今天誰值日?
  We go on duty at 8 a.m. 我們上午8點鍾上班。

  例: This afternoon we are going to listen to a report on the international situation. 今天下午我們要聽關于國際形勢的報告。
  Professor Shen will give us a talk on travelling in America. 申教授將給我們做關于美國之行的報告。
  You are wrong on all these issues. 在這些問題上你的看法都錯了。
  The belief is based on practical experience. 這種信念是以實際經驗為基礎的。
  Theory must be based on practice. 理論必須以實踐為基礎。
  The people in the south live on rice. 南方人主食大米。(靠)
  The citizens live on their salaries. 城市人靠薪金生活。
  You can't afford luxuries, on an income of 100 yuan a month. 靠月薪100元的收入,你是買不起奢侈品的。
  Her pet dogs were fed on the choicest food. 她用精飼料喂養她心愛的狗。
  He is just a scrounger, who lives on other people. 他正是一個小偷,專靠損害別人過日子。
  Keep the kettle on the boil (=boiling). 讓水壺的水一直開著。
  The enemy are on the run (=running). 敵人在逃跑。
  on the march在行軍中,on the mend 在好轉中,on the prowl徘徊,on the move活動中,on the scrounge巧取豪奪(埋語),on the go活躍,忙碌,on the lookout注意, 警戒,on the watch監視著。on the hop趁不備抓住某人等等。
  on the People's Democratic Dictatorship<<實踐論>>和<<矛盾論>>
  on the People's Democratic Dictatorship<<論人民民主專政>>
  "on Coalition Government" <<論聯合政府>>

  例:The house next to mine was on fire. 我鄰居的房子著火了。
  The workers of the railway station were on strike. 鐵路工人罷工了。
  Grapes and big water melons from Sinkiang are on sale on a large sale. 新疆葡萄和西瓜大量上市了。
  do something on the sly (quiet). 秘密地(暗地里,偷偷地)做某事。
  I've come here on business. 我是有公事來的。
  They went to Bern on a mission. 他們到伯爾尼去執行一項使命。
  They has been away on a long trip. 他們出去做一次長途旅行。
  I'll go home on leave next month. 下月我將休假回家。
  I went on business to Shanghai. I did not take leave. 我是公出去上海的,不是不告面別。
  She came to see you on purpose. 她是專程來看你的。
  He came here on purpose to discuss it with you. 他到這來是要與你討論這件事的。
  This lunch is on me.
  "No. let's go Dutch."
  On the contrary, it was very easy to understand. 相反,這事兒很容易理解。


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