2010年12月7日 星期二

英文作文52活用句型

. 2010年12月7日 星期二

英文作文52活用句型
I. 用於文章主題句
1. 不用說¸⋯
It goes without saying that子句
= (It is) needless to say (that)子句
= It is obvious that子句
= Obviously, S. + V.
例︰不用說早睡早起是值得的。
It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours.



2. ⋯是不可能的; 無法⋯
There is no Ving
= There is no way of Ving.
= There is no possibility of Ving.
= It is impossible to V.
= It is out of the question to V.
= No one can V.
= We cannot V.
例︰不可否認的¸成功的事業關鍵在於健康的身心。
There is not denying that successful business lies in a healthy body and mind.
3. 我深信⋯
I am greatly convinced (that)子句
= I am greatly assured (that)子句
例︰我深信預防是於治療。
I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure.
4. 在各種⋯之中¸⋯
Among various kinds of ⋯, ⋯
= Of all the ⋯, ⋯
例︰在各種運動中¸我尤其喜歡慢跑。
Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular.
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5. ⋯是很容易證明的。
It can be easily proved (that)子句
例︰時間最珍貴是很容易證明的。
It can be easily proved that nothing is more precious than time.
6. ⋯無論如何強調都不為過
⋯ cannot be overemphasized
例︰交通安全的重要性無論如何強調都不為過。
The importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized.
7. 就我的看法¸⋯;我認為⋯
In my opinion, ⋯
= To my mind, ⋯.
= As far as I am concerned, ⋯
= I am of the opinion that子句
例︰就我的看法¸打電動玩具既花費時間也有害健康。
In my opinion, playing video games not only takes much time but is also harmful to health.
8. (A) 每個人都知道⋯
Everyone knows (that)子句
(B) 就我所知¸⋯
As far as my knowledge is concerned, ⋯
例︰就我所知¸下列方法對我幫助很大。
As far as my knowledge is concerned, the following ways are of great help to me.
9. 毫無疑問地¸⋯
There is no doubt (that)子句
例︰毫無疑問地¸近視在我國的年輕人中是一個嚴重的問題。
There is no doubt that near-sightedness is a serious problem among the youth of our country.
10. 根據我個人經驗¸⋯
According to my personal experience, ⋯
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= Based on my personal experience, ⋯
例︰根據我個人經驗¸微笑已帶給我許多好處。
According to my personal experience, smile has done me a lot of good.
11. 在我認識的人當中¸也許沒有一個人比⋯更值得我尊敬。
Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than ⋯
例︰在我認識的人當中¸也許沒有一個人比我的英文老師張老師更值得我尊敬。
Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than Miss Chang, my English teacher.
12. 在我的求學過程中¸我忘不了⋯
In the course of my schooling. I will never forget ⋯
例︰在我的求學過程中¸我忘不了學習英文所遭到的大困難。
In the course of my schooling. I will never forget the great difficulty I encountered in learning English.
13. (A) 隨著人口的增加¸⋯ With the increase/growth of the population, ⋯
(B) 隨著科技的進步, ⋯ With the advance of science and technology, ⋯
例︰隨著台灣經濟的快速發展¸許多社會問題產生了。
With the rapid development of Taiwan's economy, a lot of social problems have come to pass.
14. (A) 在這資訊的年代¸⋯扮演重要的角色。
In the age of information and communication, ⋯ plays an important role.
(B) 在今日工業社會中¸⋯是生命不可或缺的。
In today's industrial society, ⋯ is insispensable to life.
例︰在這資訊的年代¸電腦扮演非常重要的角色。
In this age of information and communication, the computer plays an exptemely important role.
15. 在討論⋯¸一個人不得不承認⋯。
In dealing with ⋯, one cannot but admit (that)子句
例︰在討論未來的職業¸一個人不得不承認儘早決定未來的職業很重要。
In dealing with one's future career, one cannot but admit that it is very important to decide one's future career as early as possible.
16. 世上沒有什麼比⋯更令我高興。
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Nothing in the world can delight me so much as ⋯
例︰世上沒有什麼比到速食店吃漢堡更令我高興。
Nothing in the world can delight me so much as having hamburgers in fast-food restaurants.
17. ⋯ 是必要的 It is necessary that S (should) V
⋯ 是重要的 It is important/essential that S (should) V
⋯ 是適當的 It is proper that S (should) V
⋯ 是緊急的 It is urgent that S (should) V
例︰我們當保持公共場所清潔是應當的。
It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean.
18. 每當我聽到⋯¸我就忍不住感到興奮。Whenever I hear ⋯, I cannot but feel excited.
每當我做⋯¸ 我就忍不住感到悲傷。 Whenever I do ⋯, I cannot but feel sad.
每當我想到⋯¸我就忍不住感到緊張。Whenever I think of ⋯, I cannot but feel nervous.
每當我遭遇⋯¸我就忍不住感到害怕。Whenever I meet with ⋯, I cannot but feel frightened.
每當我看到⋯ 我就忍不住感到驚訝。Whenever I see ⋯, I cannot but feel surprised.
例︰每當我想到我家附近那一條清澈的小溪¸我就忍不住感到悲傷。
Whenever I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot but feel sad.
= Every time I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot help feeling sad.
19. 據說⋯ It is said (that)子句
一般認為⋯ It is thought (that)子句
大家都知道⋯ It is known (that)子句
據報導⋯ It is reported (that)子句
一般預料⋯ It is expected (that)子句
一般估計⋯ It is estimated (that)子句
一般相信⋯ It is believed (that)子句
例︰一般相信閱讀增加我們的知識、擴大我們的心胸。
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It is believed (that) reading increases our knowledge and broadens our mind.
20. ⋯的主要理由是⋯
The main reason why ⋯.. is (that)子句
例︰青少年犯罪的主要理由是社會環境日一敗壞。
The main reason why the juveniles commit crimes is that social environment is becoming worse.
21. 俗語說得好:「⋯」。
Well goes an old saying, "⋯"
= As an old saying goes(runs, says), "⋯"
= An old saying goes, "⋯"
= It's an old saying (that)子句
例︰俗話說得好:「誠實為上策」。
As an old saying goes, "Honesty is the best policy."
22. (A) ⋯用下列方法⋯ ⋯ in the following ways.
(B) ⋯有三個主要理由。 ⋯ for three major reasons.
(C) 要⋯¸至少我們可做三件事。 To ⋯, there are at least three things we can do.
例︰(A) 我用下列方法增加信心。
I increase my confidence in the following ways.
(B) 人們學外語有三個理由。
People learn a foreign language for three major reasons.
(C) 為了維護健康¸我們每天至少可做三件事。
To keep healthy, there are at least three things we can do every day.
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II. 用於文章承轉句
23. 那就是(說)⋯;亦即⋯
That is to say, ⋯
= That is, ⋯
= Namely, ⋯
例︰我們生活需有規律。也就是說¸早睡早起¸戒除菸酒。
We need to live a regular life. That is, we can keep good hours and refrain from smoking and drinking in the daily activities.
24. (A) 基於這個理由¸⋯ For this reason, ⋯
(B) 為了這個目的¸⋯ For this purpose, ⋯
例︰基於這個理由¸我已決定把行醫作為未來的職業。
For this reason, I have decided to take practicing medicine as my future career.
25. 我們有理由相信⋯
We have reasons to believe (that)子句
例︰我們有理由相信體罰應該嚴格禁止。
We have reasons to believe that corporal punishment should be strictly prohibited.
26. 事實上¸⋯
As a matter of fact, ⋯
= In fact, ⋯
例︰事實上¸健康才是最重要。
As a matter of fact, it is health that counts.
27. (A) 例如¸⋯ For example, ⋯
(B) 拿⋯做例子 Take ⋯ for example.
例︰例如¸我們盲目地提高生活水準¸卻降低生活品質。
For example, we elevate the living standards blindly, but lower the quality of life.
28. 此外¸我們不應忽視⋯
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Besides (In addition), we should not neglect ⋯
例︰此外¸我們不應忽視每個人都想要一個溫馨祥和的社會。
In addition, we should not neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society.
29. 相反地¸⋯
on the contrary, ⋯
= by contrast, ⋯
例︰相反地¸少數學生似乎還在鬼混。
On the contrary, a few students, it seems, are still fooling around.
30. 另一方面¸⋯
on the other hand, ⋯
例︰政府應嚴格執法¸另一方面¸大眾也應該培養減少污染的好習慣。
The government should enforce laws strictly. On the other hand, the public also should develop the good habit of reducing pollution.
31. 然而¸很可惜的是⋯
However, it is a pity that子句
例︰然而¸很可惜的是他總是臨時抱佛腳。
However, it is a pity that he should always cram at the eleventh hour.
32. 換言之¸⋯
in other words, ⋯
= to put it differently
例︰換言之¸我會盡最大的努力達成我的目標。
In other words, I will try my best to attain(gain, live up to) my goal.
33. 別人可能認為這是事實¸但我不是。我認為⋯
It may be true as assumed by others, but I don't. I believe that子句
例︰別人可能認為這是事實¸但我不是。我認為⋯
It may be true as assumed by others, but I don't. I believe that if you have strong determination and perseverance, the success will certainly come to you in the end.
34. 從此之後¸我已發現⋯
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Ever since then, I have found that子句
例︰從此之後¸我已發現⋯
Ever since then, I have found smile the best way to avoid any possible conflicts in our daily lives.
35. 這樣說來¸假如...¸當然毫無疑問地⋯。
In this light, if⋯, there can surely be no doubt (that)子句
例︰這樣說來¸假如我們能善用時間¸當然毫無疑問地我們會成功。
In this light, if we can make good use of time, there can surely be no doubt that we will get somewhere.
36. 更嚴重的是¸⋯。
What is more serious is (that)子句
例︰更嚴重的是¸我們不珍惜野生動物。
What is more serious is that we do not cherish the wildlife.
37. 鑒於社會的實際需要¸⋯。
In view of the practical need of society, ⋯.
例︰鑒於社會的實際需要¸愈來愈多人對學英語有興趣。
In view of the practical need of society, there are more and more people interested in learning English.
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III. 用於文章結論句
38. 如果能實踐這三點¸⋯。
If one can really put the three points into action(practice), ⋯
例︰如果能實踐這三點¸⋯。
If one can really put the three points into action(practice), he will surely be able to live a healthy and happy life.
39. 做這些簡單之事¸我們一定可以⋯。
By doing these simple things, we surely can ⋯.
例︰做這些簡單之事¸我們一定可以快樂出門平安回家。
By doing these simple things, we surely can go out of the door happily and come back home safe every day.
40. 如此¸我相信⋯。
In this way, I believe (that)子句
例︰如此¸我相信大家能夠像我一樣¸享受乘坐公車的樂趣。
In this way, I believe that all the people may be able to enjoy the bus ride like me.
41. 實踐這些¸⋯。
By putting them(the above) into practice, ⋯.
例︰實踐這些¸在智育方面我一直能不斷進步。
By putting them(the above) into practice, I have been able to make constant progress in intellectual education.
42. (A) 唯有符合此三項要求¸我們才能⋯。
Only by living up to the three requirements, can we ⋯.
(B) 唯有通力合作¸我們才能⋯。
Only with combined efforts, can we ⋯.
例︰唯有通力合作¸我們才能期望台灣不久有新的面貌。
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Only with combined efforts, can we expect Taiwan to take a new face in due course.
43. 最後¸但並非最不重要¸⋯。
Last but no least, ⋯.
例︰最後¸但並非最不重要¸教育上的缺失是助長青少年犯罪的原因。
Last but no least, the shortcoming in education is the cause contributing to juvenile delinquency.
44. 這證據顯示~的重要性在怎麼強調都不為過。
This evidence shows that the importance of ~ cannot be overemphasized.
例︰這證據顯示交通安全的重要性在怎麼強調都不為過。
This evidence shows that the importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized.
45. 由於這些理由¸我⋯。
For these reasons, I ⋯.
例︰由於這些理由¸我認為在台灣接受大學教育是明智的。
For these reasons, I think that receiving college education in Taiwan is wise.
46. 總而言之¸⋯。
In conclusion, ⋯
= To sum up, ⋯
例︰總而言之¸好國民應該遵守交通規則。
In conclusion, a good citizen should abide by traffic regulations.
47. 因此¸我們能下個結論¸那就是⋯。
We can, therefore, come to the conclusion (that)子句
例︰因此¸我們能下個結論¸那就是世上自由罪珍貴。
We can, therefore, come to the conclusion that nothing is so precious as freedom in the world.
48. 如果我們能做到如上所述¸毫無疑問地¸⋯。
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If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt (that)子句
例︰如果我們能做到如上所述¸毫無疑問地¸我們就能精通英語。
If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt that we can master English
49. 因此¸這就是⋯的原因。
Thus, this is the reason why ⋯.
例︰因此¸這就是我重感冒的原因。
Thus, this is the reason why I caught a bad cold.
50. 所以¸我們應該了解⋯。
Therefore, we should realize (that)子句
例︰所以¸我們應該了解學英文不能沒有字典。
Therefore, we should realize that in learning English we cannot do without a dictionary.
51. 因此¸由上列的討論我們可以明瞭⋯。
We, therefore, can make clear from the above discussion (that)子句
例︰因此¸由上列的討論我們可以明瞭毅力可以克服任何困難。
We, therefore, can make clear from the above discussion that perseverance can overcome any difficulty.
52. 1. 從~觀點來看¸⋯。 From the ~ point of view, ⋯.
2. 根據~的看法¸⋯。 According to ~ point of view, ⋯.
例︰從政治的觀點來看¸這是一個很複雜的問題。
From the political point of view, it is a very complex problem. 11



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