2011年1月4日 星期二

主謂一致誤用辨析

. 2011年1月4日 星期二

1.中文:桌上有几本小說。

(誤)There is some novels on the table.

(正)There are some novels on the table.(主語some novels是複數,謂語動詞要用複數。)


2.中文:他的褲子是新的。

(誤)His trousers is new.

(正)His trousers are new.(主語trousers是複數,謂語動詞用複數。)



3.中文:學外語花去我們很多時間。

(誤)Learning foreign languages take us a lot of time.

(正)Learning foreign languages takes us lots of time.(動名詞當主語時,謂語動詞用單數。)


4.中文:在兩座建築物之間有一面牆。

(誤)Between the two buildings stand a wall.

(正)Between the two buildings stands a wall.(主語是a wall,正常語序是A wall stands between the two buildings。)


5.中文:桌上有一盒雞蛋。

(誤)A box of eggs are on the table.

(正)A box of eggs is on the table.(主語a box是單數,謂語動詞用單數。)


6.中文:我的朋友們來了。

(誤)Here comes my friends.

(正)Here come my friends.(主語my friends是複數,謂語動詞用複數,本句的一般語序是My friends come here.。)


7.中文:咖啡加牛奶是她最喜歡的飲料。

(誤)Coffee and milk are her favourite drink.

(正)Coffee and milk is her favourite drink.(coffee and milk習慣上被視為一個整體,是單數,謂語動詞用單數。)


8.中文:他的一家人都喜愛音樂。

(誤)His family is fond of music.

(正)His family are fond of music.(集合名詞family在本句是指全家人,是複數,謂語動詞用複數。)


9.中文:他們每個人有一本字典。

(誤)They each has a dictionary.

(正)They each have a dictionary.(主語they是複數,謂語動詞用複數,each是修飾語。)


10.中文:許多學生對英語感興趣。

(誤)Many a student are interested in English.

(正)Many a student is interested in English.(many a+可數名詞的單數形式,雖然表示複數的意義,但被看作單數主語,謂語動詞用單數。)

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