2012年8月8日 星期三

英語關鍵句型72種--2

. 2012年8月8日 星期三

26. "if any"結構,"if any"和"if ever",意思是"果真有……","即使有……",表示加強語氣。與此類似的還有:"if anything"(如有不同的話,如果稍有區別),"if a day"(=at least,至少)。

There is little, if any, hope.

27. "be it ever(never)so"和"let it be ever(never)so"結構,這裡,"be it"中的"be"是古英語假設語氣的遺留形式,現代英語則使用"let it be"。"ever so"和"never so"都表示同一意思,都表示"very"。

Be it ever so humble (let it be ever so humble), home is home.

28. "the last+不定式"和"the last +定語從詞"結構,這種結構中的"last"意思是"the least likely",用於否定性推論。可譯為"最不大可能的","最不合適的",由原意的"最後一個……"變成"最不可能……的一個"。

He is the last man to accept a bride.


_______________________________
29. "so…that…"句型,這個句型的意思是"如此……,以致于……",但在翻譯成漢語時,許多情況下,並不是一定要譯成"如此……以致于……",而是變通表達其含義。

He ran so fast that nobody could catch him up.

30. "more + than+原級形容詞(副詞)"結構,這是將不同性質加以比較,其中的"more"有"rather"的意思。

It is more than probable that he will fall.

31. "more than +動詞"結構,這種結構表示動詞的程度,可譯為"異常","豈止","十二分地"等。

This more than satisfied me.

32. "good and …"的副詞用法,譯為"非常","很"等。類似還有"nice and …", "fine and …," "lovely and …", "bright and …", "rare and …", "big and …"等,均表示程度。

The apples are good and ripe.

33. "and that"結構,這個"and that"應譯為"而且……",表示對它前面陳述部分的語氣加強,"that"代表前面的整個陳述部分。

Return to your work , and that at once.

34. "at once…and"結構,這個結構譯為"既……又……",起相關連接的作用,相當於"both…and…"。

The novel is at once pleasing and instructive.

35. "in that…"結構,這個結構的意思是"在那一點上(方面)",可譯為"因為"。類似的結構還有"in this…"。

The budget is unrealistic in that it disregards increased costs.

36. "the name notwithstanding"結構,這個結構中"notwithstanding"是介詞,這個介詞可以置前,可以置後,比如也可寫成:"notwithstanding the name"。起讓步狀語的作用。

Some people think of the storage battery as a sort of condenser where electricity is stored.But this is an entirely wrong conception, the name notwithstanding.

37. "Every…not"和"All…not"結構,"Every…not"表示"不見得每個……都是……";"All…not"表示"不見得所有……都是……"的意思。

Every man is not polite, and all are not born gentlemen.

38. "may as well not…as"結構,此結構可譯為"與其……不如不……"。

One may as well not know a thing at all as know it but imperfectly.

39. "have only to …do"結構,此結構表示"只須(消)……就能……"的意思。

We have only to turn to that extraordinary discovery made by Edison to see the significance of it.

40. "not (no) …unless…"句型

No increase in output can be expected unless a new assembly line is installed.

41. "better…than…"句型

Better my life should be ended by their hate, than that hated life should be prolonged to live without your love.

42. "as it were"是一個非常常用的插入語,意思是"好象","可以說"等。

Apiece of iron near a magnet, though apparently separate from it , feels, as it were, the threads of this attachment.

43. 複雜結構,在下面例句中,由於anyone的定語從句過長,把謂語must realize提到定語從句之前。

Though faith and confidence are surely more or lass foreign to my nature, I do not infrequently find myself looking to them to be able, diligent, candid, and even honest. Plainly enough, that is too large an order, as anyone must realize who reflects upon the manner in which they reach public office.

44. "not…any more than…"為:"不能……,正如不能……"。

One cannot learn to sketch and express himself graphically only by reading about it any more than one can learn to swim while standing by the pool.

45. "By that as it may"是"Let it be that as it may"的省略形式,是由"be"引起的另外一種假設結構,意思是"雖然如此,儘管這樣"。

It is said that the nerve poison is the more primitive of the two, that the blood poison is, so to speak, a new product from an improved formula. Be that as it may, the nerve poison does its business with man far more quickly than the blood poison.

46. "if at all"是一個由"if"引起的主謂結構不完整的短句結為"即將……","即使……"等。

I can see only with great difficulty, if at all.

47. 由there引起的句型容易產生複雜的句子結構.

There have been opened up to the vast and excellent science, in which my work is the beginning, ways and means by which other minds more accurate than wine will explore its remote corners.

48. "range from …to…"結構。這是一個常見結構,譯時很多情況下應變通處理,不能完全依*辭典上的釋義。

Computer applications range from an assembly line completely run by computers to a children toy responding to remote signals.

49. "the way…"結構

I always thought she was a common-sense person who discussed things the way they ought to be discussed.

50. 複雜賓補結構

In recent years, the development of sensitive and accurate measuring equipment has made it possible to measure the acuity of hearing of any individual at different frequencies.

_______________________________

相關文章:

0 意見:

張貼留言