2016年12月1日 星期四

very 用法“七忌”

. 2016年12月1日 星期四

very是英語口語和書面語中使用頻率較高的詞之一。但筆者發現,許多同學在運用該詞進行口語交際和書面表達時經常出錯。本文列舉一些常見錯例,談談使用very需要注意的幾點。

    一、忌修飾形容詞或副詞的比較級。修飾形容詞或副詞的比較級,應藉助於下列程度副詞:much(……得多),still(還要,還),even(更),far(……得多,大大……)。例如:

    1. 吉姆比凱特高得多。

    誤:Jim is very taller than Kate .正:Jim is much taller than Kate .

    2. 昨天很熱,但今天更熱。

    誤:It was hot yesterday , but it is very hotter today .正:It was hot yesterday , but it is still/even hotter today .

    3. 這部電影比那一部好得多。

    誤:This film is very better than that one .正:This film is far better than that one .


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    二、忌修飾動詞。修飾動詞必須用a lot , a litte , very much等。例如:

    4. 我非常喜歡英語。

    誤:I very like English .正:I like English very much .

    5. 布朗太太非常喜歡吃肉。

    誤:Mrs Brown very likes meat .正:Mrs Brown likes meat a lot .
三、忌修飾作表語的形容詞alive(有活力的,有生氣的),asleep(睡著的),awake(醒著的,警覺的),alone(單獨的)等。例如:

    6. 我此刻非常清醒。

    誤:I am very awake at the moment .正:I am wide awake at the moment .

    7. 學生們仍在熟睡。

    誤:The students are still very asleep .正:The students are still fast asleep .

    8. 昨晚這座房子裡就我一人。

    誤:I was very alone in the house last night .正:I was all alone in the house last night .

    四、忌用來加強副詞或介詞短語的語氣,加強副詞或介詞短語的語氣一般用right,有時用well.very只能用來加強形容詞的語氣。例如:

    9. 我到處找我的鋼筆,可它就在我的口袋裡。

    誤:I looked for my pen here and there , but it was very in my pocket .正:I looked for my pen here and there , but it was right in my pocket .

    10. 這本書非常值得一讀。

    誤:This book is very worth reading .正:This book is well worth reading .

    五、忌修飾“too+形容詞/副詞”結構,該結構前常用much , all等來加強語氣。例如:

    11. 這件襯衫我穿起來太大了。

    誤:This shirt is very too large for me .正:This shirt is much too large for me .

    12. 我們的英語老師講話太快了。

    誤:Our English teacher speaks very too fast .正:Our English teacher speaks all too fast .
六、忌替代“so…that…”,“too…to…”結構中的so和too.例如:

    13. 他年齡非常小,不能去工作。

    誤:He is very young to go to work .正:He is too young to go to work .

    14. 我非常累,一點也走不動了。

    誤:I‘m very tired that I can’t walk a bit .正:I‘m so tired that I can’t walk a bit .

    七、忌出現在感嘆句中,以免與感嘆詞重複。例如:

    15. 多麼糟糕的天氣啊!

    誤:What very bad weather !

    正:What bad weather !

    16. 同學們幹得多麼帶勁啊 !

    誤:How very hard the students are working !

    正:How hard the students are working !

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